The spine supports the body and is extremely flexible.
However, even a little pain in the back can have a huge impact on your life. And sometimes, that pain can be the sign of a major issue, such as osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a condition in which the mass of the spongy inner bone reduces. This weakens the bones which can then easily break and take longer to heal.
In the back, this problem can cause a severe problem called spinal compression fractures.
Spinal Compression fractures refer to the vertebrae getting crushed inward. This may happen during tasks that put increased pressure on the bone.
Spinal Compression Fracture Treatment Options
Your doctor would first recommend pain medication to relieve your pain. Your prescription could include small doses of muscle relaxers or anti-depressants.
Sometimes the fracture is so severe that you need bed rest for a few days to start the healing process.
Most spinal compression fractures occur in the vertebrae between your chest and your lower back due to the increased flexibility of the joints. A brace will reduce that flexibility to prevent worsening of the injury.
Fracture in one vertebra has fractured increases the chances of surrounding bones breaking.
If osteoporosis caused your fracture, your doctor would address that too, in addition to medication, rest and a brace.
You may be asked to increase your intake of calcium and vitamin D. Exercise will be added to your treatment. Hormone may be advised to slow the rate of bone breakdown, or increase the rate of bone rebuilding.
Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty
Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are minimally invasive procedures that involve inserting a needle into the spongy tissue. This needle is used to inject bone cement into the spongy tissue. These treatments have proven effective for restoring function, relieving pain and preventing spinal deformities.
During kyphoplasty, a balloon is used to restore the vertebra to nearly the original shape and the bone cement is injected after the balloon is deflated and removed.